Aamir Khan starrer Ghajini has created waves at the box office by raking in Rs 90 crore worldwide on the first weekend of its release. But much before that, the film had already created waves in the world of marketing by setting new standards for the industry.
Khan's buzz-cut was just one of the things that generated buzz for Ghajini. The hairstyle, which has been gradually invading our consciousness for months now, made sure that there was no getting away from the tattooed hulk. However, the marketing of a film today, as Ghajini is proving, is much more than creating a buzz around a haircut.
Madhu Mantena, producer of Ghajini, says, "Marketing expenses have gone up. Films are released in a large number of theatres, so that there is maximum collection in the first two or three weeks. So, one has to create urgency around the film and make it an event." According to estimates, Ghajini's marketing involved spends of Rs 10 crore by the brands associated with it. Other promotions are estimated to have cost Rs 4 crore.
Making it worthwhile
Because Hindi films are so oriented towards metro-based "people like us", only a handful of films every year try to appeal to a pan-India audience in the old-fashioned way. In fact, there is a point of view that Hindi films are losing their grip on small-town India because the stories and characters belong to the metro world. Only big films with big stars (and even bigger marketing budgets) can dare to tempt the whole of India, both big and small towns. The only two films last year that did so had Shah Rukh Khan (Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi) and Aamir Khan (Ghajini).
Sooraj Bhalla, director, creative and content, at MATES, the entertainment marketing division of Madison, which promoted the film, Dostana, says, "Movies are a high-involvement product and it's important to engage viewers at every step to encourage them to buy tickets. Fortunately, actors today have understood that their role doesn't end with the release of the film, but continues until the viewers pass judgement."
Those connected with the making of a movie are sure that every marketing paisa is worth the outlay since there are multi-channelled revenue streams to look forward to. These include selling music, TV, DVD, overseas and online download rights, some of which start accruing much before the release date. Take the case of Om Shanti Om, which was released at Diwali 2007. The Shah Rukh Khan-starrer created a record of sorts, when it reportedly sold its worldwide rights to Eros International for Rs 73 crore (excluding music and satellite rights).
According to media reports, the India theatre rights for Ghajini were sold to Studio18 for Rs 40 crore. Its music and home video rights were bought for Rs 8.5 crore by T-Series and the overseas deal with Big Pictures is worth Rs 10 crore. The satellite rights have also been sold to Studio18 for Rs 20 crore.
Grab their attention
Today, the situation is different. The game is played out in the first few weeks and means marketing a product with a brief lifecycle and selling it across dozens of cities simultaneously. If things go wrong, there is no second chance.
To capture the public imagination, Ghajini was released on 1,400 screens (including digital cinemas) with 1,200 prints. It is estimated that about 10 per cent of the 12,900 theatres in India are digital. Ghajini was also released in 300 theatres outside India. Its 1,200 prints make Ghajini a "big" release - in the league of SRK's Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi (1,200 prints) and Om Shanti Om (1,300 prints) and Akshay Kumar's Singh is Kinng (1,050 prints).
Contrast this with 'smaller' releases like a Bheja Fry or Welcome to Sajjanpur or Cheeni Kum, which came up with 200-350 prints. It costs nearly Rs 70,000 to make one print. But creating the pull to get a few million people to part with Rs 100 or more per ticket is a tricky exercise. It is here that star power comes to the rescue as Aamir's has for Ghajini.
The two years that it took to make Ghajini included 135 days of shooting. Besides being on the sets most days, Khan also spent a month on the marketing. According to Ashoo Naik, the head of marketing for Ghajini, the promotions were planned in the pre-production stage itself and the buildup in the media was created throughout this time, with the action peaking a few weeks prior to the film's release.
Khan's role in the promotions points towards a new trend, where actors are closely involved in promoting their films, possibly even as part of their contract. Komal Nahta, editor, Film Information and Film Street Journal, says, "The turning point came with SRK in Om Shanti Om. Before this, no star had promoted his movie so aggressively. I think Aamir's haircut was a masterstroke!"
Amidst all this noise, isn't there a danger that people will forget that it's just another movie? Naik disagrees, calling Ghajini "India's first event film".
Given the effort that went into promoting Ghajini, the results are there for all to see. Other upcoming productions, such as Chandni Chowk to China and Dilli 6, have little option but to follow suit.