Delft, Netherlands


Founders: Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA in 1943 in Sweden at the age of 17. Initially, it was a mail-order sales business that primarily sold pens, wallets, picture frames, and other small items.
The name "IKEA" is an acronym formed from Ingvar Kamprad's initials, along with the initials of Elmtaryd, the farm where he grew up, and Agunnaryd, his hometown.


1950s-1960s: IKEA shifted its focus to furniture and began designing its own pieces. Flat-pack, self-assembly furniture became a hallmark.
1970s-1980s: Expansion beyond Sweden into other European countries, opening stores in Norway, Denmark, and Switzerland.
1990s-2000s: Global expansion continued, reaching North America, Asia, and Australia. The company continued to innovate in design and affordability.
2010s: Embracing sustainability, introducing eco-friendly initiatives, and enhancing its online presence.


Initially a small-scale mail-order business, IKEA transformed into a global furniture giant known for its affordable, functional, and stylish designs.
Emphasized the concept of democratic design, making well-designed furniture accessible to the masses.

Cultural Context:

IKEA's success stemmed from its understanding of evolving consumer needs, especially for affordable and functional furniture in the post-war era.
Its flat-pack, DIY approach resonated with changing lifestyles, smaller living spaces, and the need for cost-effective solutions.

Positioning & Brand Values:

IKEA positions itself as providing functional, well-designed, affordable furniture for everyday life.
Values include sustainability, simplicity, accessibility, and innovation.

Product Design:

Known for simple, Scandinavian-inspired designs that prioritize functionality and minimalism.
Designs often prioritize space-saving and multifunctionality, catering to urban living.

Visual Evolution:

IKEA's visual identity has evolved from its early catalog designs to a modern, sleek aesthetic.
Recognizable blue and yellow color scheme often associated with the brand.

Successes and Challenges:

Successes: Global expansion, innovative designs, affordability, and a strong brand identity.
Challenges: Balancing growth with sustainability, maintaining quality while keeping prices low.


Faced criticism for labor practices, environmental impact, and allegations of using forced labor in its supply chain.

Product Range:

Extensive range covering furniture, home accessories, kitchen appliances, and more.
Diverse styles catering to different tastes and needs.

Competitors in Different Segments:

Competes with various brands based on product categories. For furniture, competitors include local and global brands like Ashley Furniture, Wayfair, and others. In home accessories, it competes with retailers like Crate & Barrel, Target, etc.

Revenue Streams & Financials:

IKEA's revenue primarily comes from retail sales of furniture and home goods.